Valledoria is in the northern coast of Sardinia, about halfway between Stintino and Santa Teresa di Gallura. The town is situated in a wonderful valley where the Coghinas river flows its last stretch before reaching the sea contributing to create a large sandy strip along the coast, with its white sandy dunes and beaches. “La Foce del Coghinas”, has been recognized at the European level with the establishment of a Site of Community called Mouth of Coghinas, due to its characteristics of nature and wildlife .
Surrounded by an enchanting natural environment, at the exit of the gorge carved by the river at the foot of Mount Coghinas Ruiu near Viddalba, and only 2 km from the village of Santa Maria Coghinas, there are the Casteldoria baths that have a lot of therapeutic effects. In the bed of the river, next to a fracture of the earth crust, the sources of water-iodine-bromine gush at the temperature above 70 ° C. A spa is about to open its doors thanks to a private consortium.
In winter, when the contact between cold and hot air form large clouds of steam, that increase the charm of this place, they come to admire this wonderful scene. You have to look for the sulphurous mud at the bottom of the river or under the small bank of the river, sprinkle the party grieved of your body with boiling mud leaving at the end a thin layer on your skin, take the sun to dry the mud on you before washing the mud off .
The province of Sassari is full of high points, lakes, rivers, woods, plains and hills. All in small dimensions which are well visible and maybe that is why they can be enjoyed directly. One of the highest mountains of the province is Mount Limbara, near Tempio. It reaches almost 1.400 m., it is located in an abundant forest area and therefore a destination very appreciated by those who love excursions, because even during the hot summer months they can always find a small shady spot to rest. Going towards the west you can find the artificial basin of Tula. This abundantly guarantees the provisions of drinking water, but the practice water sports (water skiing, regattas, surf) are ever more requested. The same for the Diga Liscia, an artificial lake in the north east of Tempio. The forest vegetation here appears less florid as that of Limbara. The point of attraction are two olive trees that are more than 2000 years each (Millenium Olive trees), of incredible dimensions.
Mount Osoni (behind the villages) or to San Gavino, near Viddalba. From both of these mountains, depending on the weather, you can enjoy a beautiful view over the valley, the sea up to the island of Asinara or the Red Island or even Corsica.
Lake Coghinas was artificially created through a dam on a river in Limbara and is an important area from a naturalistic point of view even. Today the lake has become a rich ecosystem and is home to several bird and aquatic species. Its rich flora and fauna makes it an interesting place for nature lovers and for those who are interesting in bird watching. Also, the lake is the starting point for plenty of trails in the area of Monte Acuto. The trails lead to the countryside, which is filled with plenty of beautiful woods and vegetation.
Sardinia is one of the three areas in the world where the so-called petrified trees (from Prehistoric times) can be found. More precisely these can be found near the resorts of Perfugas (13) and Martis.
A visitor will also be surprised at the sight of the Moon Valley near Aggius. The natives of the place decided to give this vast region this name, ideal for excursions, because some stone buildings, which are in part strange and imposing, lay there sparingly. As the tradition wants in Sardinia, many of these boulders have a name. Surely the most famous one is the priest praying – he keeps his hands clasped in front of his face. Will you find him? In the forests near Aggius, there are few boulders in evidence when compared to the many mushrooms. Towards the middle and end of September, in fact, after the first rainy days, you can see some cars parked on the borders of the road. But they didn’t break down. The owner of the car is surely equipped with a plastic bag or a basket and is hunting for slugs, porcini mushrooms or champignons.
For those who love the sea, boat trips are organised starting in the morning near Santa Teresa, directed towards the beautiful beaches of the Spargi and Santa Maria Islands and returning in the evening.
Capo Caccia is situated a few kilometres from Alghero, on the southern point of a huge limestone triangle that wedges out into the sea. There are characteristic, impressive cliffs (nearly 300 m high) on its west side. Capo Caccia is renowned for the underground labyrinth of mysterious caves discovered in 1700. The most famous one is Neptune Cave (2500 m long) surely the peak of every vacation in Sardinia. They can be reached by sea or on ground climbing the 656 steps of Escala del Cabirol that lead to the cave. There is a beautiful transparent lake (La Marmora) with two small sandy beaches just at its entrance. Capo Caccia is one of the wildest places in Sardinia. Inland, there is an extraordinary natural reserve established by Italian Botanic Association in 1970 and covering nearly three thousand hectares. It’s a marvellous garden full of plants unique to the world. Capo Caccia is frequented by big birds of prey. Many of them are quite rare in other parts of the world.